We do not know for sure if Lucca began as a Ligurian or Etruscan settlement, we only know that it developed as a Roman city in 180 BC. The remains of the Roman presence are still visible today in the typical orthogonal arrangement of the streets of the city, in Piazza Anfieteatro, which retains its characteristic shape of a closed elliptical square, and with the Foro.
Lucca is known especially for the Guinigi Tower, famous throughout the world for the oaks that adorn the top. Its roof garden it's very ancient, and the Guinigi family became in the fourteenth century the rulers of the city chosen seven holm oak to symbolize the rebirth of the city of Lucca under their dominion.
Not to be missed, the Cathedral of Lucca, the Cathedral of San Martino. Built between the eleventh and twelfth centuries it hosts important pieces of art such as the Deposition of Nicola Pisano, the tombs of Matteo Civitali, paintings by Ghirlandaio and Tintoretto but especially two masterpieces: the crucifix of the Holy Face and the Funeral Monument to Ilaria del Carretto by Jacopo della Quercia.
In 1805 was established the Principality of Lucca and Piombino, given to Napoleon's sister Elisa Bonaparte. Then, after the Congress of Vienna, was created the Duchy of Lucca, and took over as regent Maria Luisa of Bourbon.
Example of Napoleonic domination is Piazza Napoleone, whose construction commissioned by Elisa Bonaparte changed the original structure of the square. Here is also located the Ducal Palace, headquarters of the political administration, restored in '500 by Ammannati and enlarged in '700 by Juvarra.
Itineraries in Versilia coast
Lido di Camaiore with its beautiful fine 4 Km long sandy beach is one of the ideal destinations for a summer in Tuscany coast
Garfagnana is a pristine area rich in history and surrounded by the Apuan Alps and the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines
The village of Camaiore is located at the bottom of a valley surrounded by hills, as well as the northern Appennins.
Massarosa is known mainly for its natural beauty especially for the famous Lake of Massaciuccoli i
The beauty of Pietrasanta old town center fits perfectly with the shops of craftsmen of the marble and the laboratories
Seravezza is a small town at the foot of the Apuan Alps and one of the oldest country in Versilia
Stazzema is the smallest town in Versilia and the higher up, nestled on the slopes of Mount Matanna in the heart of the Apuan Alps.
Torre del Lago takes its name from a tower, stood near the Lake of Massaciuccoli between the XV and XVI century
Florence artistic and cultural heritage is very valuable, so that the historic center of Florence has become UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982.
Visit the Antro del Corchia cave in Apuan Alps in Tuscany with 53 km of tunnels and galleries
The marble quarries of Carrara are one of the many wonders of the Apuan Alps that you can visit with organized tours
Hiking trail on foot to discover the town of Camaiore and its hills
Visit Siena a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tuscany, whose symbol is undoubtedly Piazza del Campo with its original shell shape
hiking trail on foot to the discovery of Seravezza and its villages
tourist route by mountain bike along the Via Francigena from Camaiore
The Cinque Terre is a portion of coast of the Ligurian Riviera located in the territory of the province of La Spezia and with the village of Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore.